CITES & TOPS Regulated Species and Permits
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement which was signed by 21 countries in Washington, DC in 1973 and came into force in 1975. Over 144 countries are currently party to this Convention which is the largest wildlife conservation agreement in existence.
The CITES provisions assist member countries to regulate international commercial trade in live as well as parts and derivatives of fauna and flora. Member countries regulate this trade using a system of permits and certificates which are issued in accordance with the decisions and resolutions taken at the Conference of the Parties which is held, on average, every two years.
The trade in wild animals and plants is a major threat to the survival of certain species. The contracting Parties therefore recognize that international co-operation is essential for the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora against over-exploitation for international trade.
The international trade in wildlife is estimated to have an annual worth of billions of US $ and to involve more than 350 million plants and animals every year. Along with the loss of habitat and increased local exploitation of wildlife resources, unregulated international trade can pose a major threat to the survival of threatened and endangered species.
The Convention accords varying degrees of protection to wild animal and plant species depending on their biological status and the effect international trade has or could have on them.
The species included in this appendix are those which are in danger of extinction and that may be negatively affected by trade. Such species cannot be traded among member countries except under exceptional circumstances such as for scientific purposes. Export and import permits are required for such trade and Appendix I specimens cannot be traded for commercial purposes.
Included in Appendix I are all the great apes, rhinos, sea turtles, great whales, giant pandas, Asian and African elephants, most of the large cats and some small cats, primates, raptors, parrots, lizards, crocodiles, orchids and cacti.
This Appendix includes species which are not necessarily currently threatened with extinction but may become so unless trade is strictly regulated so as to ensure sustainability.
Appendix II also contains so called look-alike species, which due to their similarity in appearance to certain regulated species, must be managed so as to ensure effective control.
Appendix II includes the following species which are not already on Appendix I - some populations of African Elephants, primates, cats, otters, whales, raptors tortoises, crocodiles, and orchids.
This appendix contains species that are subject to regulation within the jurisdiction of a party and for which the co-operation of other parties is needed to prevent or restrict their exploitation.
CITES hereby regulates international trade of certain Game Species hunted by International Hunters. If you are interested in any of the below-listed CITES animals, please contact your agent or us directly at John X Safaris . We will guide you through the permit application process, ensuring that the correct paperwork and permits are in place for your hunt.
|Species Subject to Regulation:|
|African Wild Cat||Kafue Lechwe|
|Caracal / Lynx||Bontebuck|
|Brown Hyena||African Elephant|
|Cape Mountain Zebra||Black Wildebeest|
|Black Rhino||Common Reedbuck|
CITES permits are issued by Eastern Cape Nature Conservation in terms of the agreement to which South Africa acceded in 1975.
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"Everything was great. Top three hunts ever. I will be back!"~ Martin Osthulm '13 from
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"It was fantastic to return to the Dark Continent in 2014 by way of John X Safaris in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. Carl, Etresia, Greg, Bless and the entire JXS staff created a fantastic adventure for me. From the Waterbuck that was so large that I named him the "Battleship Texas" to my last and favourite stalk of the hunt on a beautiful Eastern Cape Kudu, my hunting experience was "First Cabin" in every respect."~ Craig Horan '14 from