IDENTIFICATION: Athletically-built medium sized antelope. The Black Impala is not a subspecies, but a color phase of the Southern Impala. Black Impala were developed by selective breeding; the color of the entire body is all black. Horns: Only the males have horns.
DISTRIBUTION: South Africa – Private land only.
HABITAT: Open woodland with sufficient water - especially thorn, can also be found in more dense woodland along rivers, and on the edge of woodland and grassveld or flood plains. Water Dependant.
HABITS: Grazes and browses. Gregarious; usually forms herds of 6-20 and even more than 100 in winter. Territorial males (only in mating season), bachelor herds and breeding herds can be distinguished. During the rest of the year territorial males join breeding or bachelor herds. Adult males establish territories during the mating season; they use communal dung heaps and scent-mark the grass and bushes with pre-orbital glands. Mainly diurnal and rests during the hottest part of the day.
INTERESTING HUNTING NOTES: Black Impala are very rare, hunted by hunters who have traveled to Africa extensively. A very alert animal to approach when stalking often indicating danger by repeated snorts. During the rut, males can be heard “roaring” or grunting as they keep their harem of females together. Black Impala are not big antelope, but can prove to be very difficult to bring down if shots are not executed 100%. When judging the trophy quality of males, always look at the base of the horn, ensure they are dark black and hard, then look at the shape and the overall length. The tips should always point straight upwards or flare out, the best indication of a mature ram.
- Ave Age of Mature rams: +/- 5 Years
- Ave Weight of Mature rams: +/- 100 Pounds
- Hunting Permit Required: Hunting License