IDENTIFICATION: Long legs and elongated face, with eyes close together. Have pink callosities and a sickle tail. The male is 30% larger and more aggressive than the female. There are different subspecies of baboons in Africa. South Africa has the larger and darker subspecies, the Chacma baboon, getting lighter in color and size further north.


HABITAT: Prefers cliffs or tall trees for shelter, and also sufficient water for drinking. Therefore prefers mountains, hills, riverine forests and savannah with enough food.

HABITS: Troops vary from +/- 20 animals with 1 dominant male to 100 with 10 dominant males. The males are prominent in most of the activities; mating, fighting, grooming, guarding and maintain a strict hierarchy. They feed in the day and return to their sleeping sites in the late afternoon. Young are initially carried beneath females and later on their backs. Baboons are omnivorous and eat grass, leaves, bulbs, roots, gum, fruit, scorpions, insects, mushrooms and meat. Drinks water regularly.

INTERESTING HUNTING NOTES: Baboons have also been known to eat the young of sheep and goats, and are fond of raiding crops, such as common sunflowers and alfalfa. They have an almost vermin status in farming areas of South Africa. They are often the hunter’s worst enemy, giving away ones position with their loud two syllable “ Bog-Gom!” alarm calls.

  • Ave Weight of Mature Males: +/- 120 Pounds
  • Hunting Permit Required: Hunting License, CITES
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